We’ve all experienced all types of headaches, and we know that the migraine headaches are extremely common and they can last from a few hours up to three days. And the worst thing about this is that these headaches are one of the least understood and poorly treated health problems. This is because they are probably a result of a complex interplay of genetic environmental, and neurological factor that vary from person to person. We can also say that the migraine symptoms of those who suffer from them also can vary a lot. The most common symptoms of migraines are: throbbing, searing pain, which can be one-sided. Some patients also experience “auras” prior to onset, while other don’t. This type of headache can also cause other symptoms, such as: chills, sweating, nausea, vomiting, fever, and sensitivity to light, sound, and smells in some cases. According to the latest statistics, almost 300 million people in the world suffer from migraines. About 6-7% of men and 15-18% of women suffer from migraine headaches. And, even more shocking fact is that almost 20 million migraine attacks occur every single day.
Causes of Migraine
There have been many different studies about migraines and they all have examined the causes of migraines. But none of these studies were able to fully explain the causes of migraine in all patients. Well, sometimes these theories can be conflicting, but the majority of them show that the causes of migraine include:
- All patients suffer from excessive increase of blood flow in the brain. But, on the other hand, many medical studies state that these headaches aren’t preceded by constriction and decrease in blood flow, but rather by an increase of nearly 300%. However, when the migraine attack is in full motion, the blood circulation appears to be normal, or only slightly reduced.
- All migraine causes include a neurological disorder, which is related to nerve cell activity. It’s believed that migraines are occurred cause of a neurological disorder related to nerve cell activity that sweeps across your brain, causing awful pain.
- Also, some changes in the brain chemical serotonin occur. Migraine pain is also believed to be caused in the case of swollen and inflamed blood vessels, including those in the brain, as soon as the levels decrease.
- All migraines consist of vascular constriction in the brain. Migraines often occur from initial blood vessel constriction and a decrease in blood flow, followed by dilation and stretching of blood vessels, which activates the neurons which indicate pain.
Vitamin deficiency and migraines
Latest study has confirmed that Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12 and folic acid supplements cause a two-fold reduction in migraines over a 6 months period. According to a different study, published in the European Journal of Neurology, in 2004, researchers pointed out that migraine attacks can be avoided by consumption of high doses of Vitamin B2 (riboflavin).
You should also know that the levels of homocysteine production can be increased by some gene mutations and dysfunctions. This can make you more prone to migraine attacks. According to a recent study, researchers have found that Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12 reduce homocysteine levels. The researchers also found that depending on your genotype, one may need a higher or lower dose in order for it to work and to reduce the pain.
The famous professor Dr. Lyn Griffiths said that all patients received the same vitamin dosage for the same period of time it would be expected that those with TT genotypes, having a reduced enzymatic rate, would metabolize less homocysteine over the treatment period compared to C allele carriers. This will actually result in a way smaller reduction in homocysteine and consequent migraine symptoms. Dr. Griffiths also mentions that even though TT genotypes have higher risk of disease, they actually require a larger dosage of vitamins to exhibit the same effect as C alleles. Also, clinical trials with many patients are needed to test this hypothesis.
Dr. Lyn Griffiths also said that their main cause it so specify the optimal dosage of B vitamins based on the genetic profile. She also added that the success of their trial has shown that safe, inexpensive vitamin supplements can treat migraine patients. But, the migraine symptoms can be also caused by another, even more widespread type of vitamin deficiency. According to an observational study, released at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Headache Society, scientists found that almost 42% of patients with chronic migraine were deficient in Vitamin D. They have also found that the longer you suffered from chronic migraines, the more likely you are to be lack of Vitamin D. Well, this actually means that these new discoveries can be related on the many different health side effects of Vitamin D deficiency.