Dry skin is very common problem and usually gets worse in winter when the humidity and air temperature are low, as well as dry and warm air in rooms that are heated (“winter itch”). Dry skin occurs in people of all ages, with or without other skin problems. The lack of fat in the skin leads to excessive loss of water from surface skin layer. The skin then loses its elasticity. Various soaps and baths, detergents for dish-washing and laundry grease the skin and can lead, in addition to the dryness of the skin, to the formation of eczema or allergies.
Everyone is familiar with the appearance of dry skin. Normally fine lines in the skin become more visible, the skin is red, rough and often occurs flakes. In advanced cases there may be cracking, and it can be complicated with bacterial infections. Dry skin is most common on the hands and feet , but can also occur on the body. If your skin is very dry, or if you have it with the red seals, it would be best to seek the advice of your dermatologist or family doctor.
Extremely dry skin of the whole body may be the result of certain inherited diseases or atopic skin: ichthyoids (leather-like fish scales) or atopic dermatitis. In addition, people with hormonal imbalance, for example, such as the lack of activity of the thyroid gland also have dry skin, and dry hair which is easily broken. There are other changes in the body that are associated with dry skin that help physicians to recognize this problem. Red, dry skin and rash can sometimes be mistaken for other skin problems such as allergic contact dermatitis, fungal infection of the skin – Tinea, or itch. Itching may be a sign of a disease: eg. liver or leukemia.
Itching of the skin
Dry skin often results in itching, which can be serious and interfere with sleep and other daily activities. Constantly rubbing and scratching can harden the skin and make it rough ( lichenification ). Dry, thickened skin can shoot, especially in areas subject to chronic trauma (eg. hands and feet), which causes painful cracks in the skin (fissures). Dry skin and scratching can result in dermatitis , when the skin becomes red (inflamed) in addition to being dry and flaky. You may appear round, scaly red patches with a rash that itches on legs, arms and trunk (nummular eczema).The appearance of yellow crust or pus in these fields indicate that the bacterial infection is developed. This requires specific antibiotic therapy prescribed by a dermatologist or family doctor.
Why appears dry skin?
Dry skin can be due to many factors, but the most frequent are actually environmental factors. This often involves cold weather or when you are constantly exposed to dry heat which is often caused by central heating. The fact that the skin can often become dry does not mean it will stay dry forever. Dry skin usually occurs when there is a shortage of natural oils that are found in the outer layer of the skin that causes the loss of fluid from the skin. Using harsh soaps and excessive bathing often causes dry skin.
Dry skin often affects people of all ages but it is certainly more common in older people and generally all persons older than 60 years tend to suffer from it. Dry skin can be caused by certain medical conditions such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, liver or kidney disease and malnutrition.
Symptoms of the occurrence of dry skin
Typical symptoms include dry skin extremely dry and cracked seals and / or rash with possibly small cracks in the skin. One of the most troublesome symptoms is intense itching and flaking of the skin.
Symptoms associated with dry skin are usually worst during the cold months of winter, when humidity is generally lower due to wind and low temperatures. The first symptoms usually occur in older generations, mostly on the legs. Symptoms are often seen on the feet of diabetics and can cause serious problems if the skin breaks.
Treatments and treatment of dry skin
To identify and tackle the factors that can cause and contribute to the emergence of dry skin is an important aspect of treatment. Proper bathing and nurturing can significantly improve skin condition.
Showering and bathing should be short (no longer than 10 minutes) and only once in a 24-hour period. For adults, shower is always better than taking bath. As long bath or shower, especially hot water, can act quite relaxing, it will also increase the loss of natural oil from the skin and worsen the dryness of the skin. You should take a bath or a shower warm instead of hot water. Use mild soaps or oil baths, which do not destroy the superficial layer of skin lipids.
Bath oil, if you choosing to hydrate your skin, can directly rub the skin after a shower or bath. Moisturizer should be liberally applied again during the day and at night when possible, particularly in those areas of the skin prone to dryness (extremities) and in places where the skin is itchy. Use preparations medical cosmetics for dry and sensitive skin.
Medication use only on the advice of a doctor, not on your own!
Be careful about using anti-inflammatory creams and lotions for the treatment of dry skin or combating itching, which are sold without a prescription. Many of these products contain chemicals that can irritate or cause an allergic reaction to a dry skin. The general rule is that if anything you use on your skin causes itching and burning more than you felt before applying, you should stop it to use until you can speak to your doctor. Humidifier can be a good solution, it’s increase the moisture level in the air of your home and workplace.